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Cultural Monuments A - J
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Teplá Monastery as a Pilgrimage Site 

Teplá - MonasteryThe town of Teplá is namely famous owing to the Premonstratensian Monastery (also denoted as the Norbertine Abbey of Tepl). It was founded in 1193 by Bohemian nobleman Hroznata who shortly after invited the Premonstratensian monks from the Strahov Monastery in Prague. Hroznata was born of noble parents and he was the commander of the border guards in the Teplá and Chod regions. The story of the foundation of the monastery is associated with the Third Crusade initiated by Henry VI. Hroznata decided to take part in the crusade in March 1188. He and other noblemen were dispensed from their promise by the Pope in April 1191, in return for which Hroznata committed himself to found a monastery.
Teplá – Church of the Annunciation of Our LordAt the turn of the century, Hroznata entered the Teplá Canon and joined the Order of the Prémontré (also known as the Canons Regular of Prémontré, the Premonstratensians, the Norbertines or White Canons). He received the white habit from the hands of Pope Innocent III himself. As the founder of the monastery, he retained his position of the administrator of the abbey estate. During one of his inspection journeys along the borders of the demesne, he was taken prisoner by knight-robbers who demanded ransom for his release. Hroznata, however, did not allow the abbot to pay the ransom and he died in prison on July 14, 1217. The traditional respect towards Hroznata was augmented by his beatification on September 16, 1897. The festive day commemorating Blessed Hroznata is traditionally celebrated on the 14th of July. The process of the canonization of Blessed Hroznata has commenced in September 2004.
Teplá MonasteryIn 1950, the monastery shared the fate of other monasteries and convents in Czechoslovakia: it was closed down, and its buildings served as barracks for the Czechoslovak People's Army for 28 years. Only the church and the library were open to tourist excursions from 1958. After the army had abandoned the monastery, its buildings were exposed to further deterioration. In 1990, the monastery was returned to the Premonstratensian Order in a desolate condition caused by the many years of neglect.
One of the most reputed personages of the Teplá Monastery of the 20th century undoubtedly is priest Heřman Josef Tyl (1914 - 1993). Following the displacement of the German brethren, he founded a Czech community in Teplá and became the Prior of the monastery. As a liberated political prisoner who survived the concentration camps in Auschwitz (Oswiecim) and Buchenwald, he concentrated his endeavour on creating a new community, reviving spiritual life and the housekeeping of the monastery destroyed by the war, as well as on re-populating the region after the displacement of its German inhabitants. He succeeded in preventing the confiscation of the monastery as the property of traitors and he achieved the release of fellow German brethren from prison and their transport to Germany.
Teplá - Monastery, hospiceFebruary 1948 unleashed a war lead by the Communist Regime against churches and religious orders. All assets belonging to the monastery were nationalised and Heřman Josef Tyl was arrested along with fellow Premonstratensians. Prior Tyl served many years in prison, this time however, in a communist concentration camp. In 1988, the underground religious community secretly elected him Abbot of the Teplá Canon.
In December 1989, Abbot Heřman Josef Tyl served the first mass in his monastery, whereby he opened a new chapter of the life of the Premonstratensian brethren in Teplá. An act effective as of July 19, 1990, officially returned the monastery to the Premonstratensian Order.