Tašovice - Archaeological Monument Reserve
Due to the warm, yet very humid Atlantic climate, Mesolithic settlements (8 000 – 5 500 B.C.) in the upper Ohře River area were founded on light sandy soils unsuitable for conserving bones and bone tools and therefore, only tools made of stone have been preserved.
Research conducted in the 1950’s uncovered evidence of two dwelling places – i.e. two interconnected pits approximately 60 centimetres deep with dimensions 4x3 and 3.5x3 metres and traces of cusped piles along their edges.
At the entrance, which was common to both the concaved dwellings, there were two slightly sunk fireplaces separated from the inner space by a partition. The upper structure was covered with wickerwork, skin or similar material and it was supported by vertical poles embedded in the ground.
Slavic Fortified Settlement
The fortified settlement in Tašovice was of an irregular rectangular shape with sides approximately 70 metres long. Three sides of the settlement were enclosed with a horseshoe-shaped inner rampart affixed to the slopes at both ends. Its northwest bend was connected with an outer rampart creating a narrow outer ward in a saddle. A not very wide or deep moat was in front of the rampart. The rather modest ramparts (its walls do not raise above the terrain by more than 2 metres) bespeak of a fortified point the purpose of which was to guard the Ohře River flowing from the defile between the Ore Mountains and Císařský les (Imperial Forest) into the Karlovy Vary Basin.
Additional information on the site - Leaflet of the Karlovy Vary Museum