Skip Navigation Links
Skip navigation links
Česky
Deutsch
English
Español
Français
Italiano
Pусский
Skip navigation links
Cultural Monuments A - J
Cultural Monuments J - N
Cultural Monuments O – Z
Sight Map
Monument Preservation Areas
Lookout and Observation Towers
Pilgrimage Places
Jindřichovice - Chateau, Church, Mausoleum 

Jindřichovice – Chateau, Church, MausoleumThe settlement of Jindřichovice (German: Heinrichsgrün) is first mentioned in 1273 in a deed of Pope Gregory X. It was in the possession of the monastery in Teplá and it was acquired by Petr Plik, the owner of Nejdek, in 1340. Several tin mines had already been in operation in its surroundings by then.

In 1434, the estate was acquired by Chancellor Kašpar Šlik. It had remained in the Šlik family until 1627 when the village of Jindřichovice was sold to Otto Nostic. The Šlik family contributed to the development of the village, as well as to the expansion of metal mining as silver, lead and iron in addition to tin. Town rights were conferred upon Jindřichovice in 1537 and later re-confirmed by Emperor Ferdinand I. The town hall was built in 1518, the town brewery in 1537, and a school was opened in 1592. Jindřichovice belonged to the demesne of the Nostic family from the 17th century until 1945. The town was continuously developing under their rule. In 1843, the domain had 1,900 inhabitants living in 267 houses and the town alone had 63 houses and 440 inhabitants.

During World War I, a camp for Russian and Serbian prisoners of war was established in 1915 between the town and the basalt quarry in Rotava. The POWs worked in the Rotava iron works and built a chemical plant in Sokolov. Many fell victim to starvation, exhaustion, poor hygiene, and epidemics. The dead were buried in a wood cemetery below the camp, some in mass graves. After the end of World War I, most of the skeleton remains were exhumed and laid to rest in a mausoleum, which was built upon the order of the Yugoslav Government from an old waterworks building standing on a small hill outside the town. The remains of 189 Russians and some 7,100 Serbians were laid to rest in the mausoleum, which has been duly maintained to our time.

Jindřichovice – Chateua, Church, MausoleumA chateau was built in the upper part of the town in 1672 by Jan Hartvík Nostic on the site of the old Šlik stronghold. The Early Baroque chateau was reconstructed in pseudo-Gothic style in the second half of the 19th century. It resembles the chateau – stately home in Sokolov. A plastic Early-Renaissance relief depicting St. George, which probably was a part of the original stronghold, is set in the wall near the current chateau entrance. The chateau has been renovated and it serves as the district archive.

Another significant historical landmark of the town is the Church of St. Martin. The church was built in 1803 and it integrates a part of the older medieval church with a rather interesting octagonal tower and a hexagonal presbytery. The original church dating to the 14th century was destroyed and burnt down and reconstructed to its present appearance in the 19th century. Under the tower, you may find a tombstone of the owners of the hammer-mill in Rotava, the Hutschenreuther family, who were raised to noble status for their devoted work. A 19th century painting of St. Martin is on the main church altar and opposite, a Baroque picture depicting the flight of the Holy Family to Egypt with an inscription in Czech dating to 1607 (a remnant from the original medieval church). The nearby parish was rebuilt from the lord's gamekeeper lodge.

Links:

http://www.obecjindrichovice.cz/
http://hrady.cz/index.php?&OID=1820