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Natural Points of Interest
Nature Reserves and Protected Landscape Areas
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Holina Nature Reserve 

Holina Nature Reserve

At present, the Holina Holina beech forestNature Reserve is the only reserve in the Slavkovský les Protected Landscape Area established to conserve herb-rich beech forests, which belonged to the most wide-spread forest vegetation type in Slavkovský les (Slavkov Forest). The reserve is accessible from Lázně Kynžvart by the local cycle route No.IV and you may find an information board with details about the reserve near the woodsmen (Sedláček) lodge.
When walking through the local stands of various ages, you will immediately notice the primeval character of the locality dominated by beech and admixed spruce, wych elm, maple, and the almost vanished fir. The stands mostly comprise herb-rich beech forests and marginally acid beech forests. Forest management in the area focuses on consolidating an even age structure of the stands with a natural species composition. Apart from gradual inhibition of spruce, this mainly involves planting of firs and elms.

We may encounter some of the species typically found in herb-rich beech forest, such as the bulbiferous coral-wort (Dentaria bulbifera), nine-leaved coral-wort (Dentaria enneaphyllos), pale St. John's wort (Hypericum montanum), herb Paris (Paris quadrifolia), earthnut pea (Lathyrus vernus), baneberry (Actaea spicata) Holina in winterand the wood sanicle (Sanicula europaea) that are especially noticeable in spring. In summer, we may find some of the orchidaceous species, e.g. the the broad-leaved helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) and the non-green bird's nest orchid (Neottia nidus-avis). Holina in summerThe sub-Atlantic opposite-leaved golden saxifrage (Chrysosplenium oppositifolium) may be frequently found in spring areas and occasionally the rare occurrence of the alpine enchanter's nightshade (Circaea alpina) and the enchanter's nightshade (Circaea lutetiana) or the wood speedwell (Veronica montana). As to acidophilic species inhabiting mountain beech forests, we may encounter the whorled Solomon's seal (Polygonatum verticillatum).  
Small water bodies are inhabited by the alpine newt (Triturus alpestris). And the locality is also the nesting area of a large variety of rare bird species, such as the red-breasted flycatcher (Ficedula parva), Eurasian tawny owl (Strix aluco), Eurasian sparrow-hawk (Accipiter nissus), goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius),Moreover, random sightings of the black kite (Milvus migrans) and the black stork (Ciconia nigra) are also reported. The reserve is a territory permanently inhabited by the Eurasian lynx (lynx lynx)