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Karlovy Vary
Mariánské Lázně
Jáchymov
Františkovy Lázně
Lázně Kynžvart
 Healing Resources and Karlovy Vary Springs 

Local natural healing resources are used for spa procedures: thermal mineral water for drinking, bathing and irrigation, natural gas for injections and dry baths. The range of healing resources has been enlarged to include wrapping treatments using peat and mud extracted in the Karlovy Vary region. 

 Vřídlo (Hot Spring) 

1. Vřídlo (Hot Spring)
Temperature: 73.4° C CO2 content: 400 mg/l Yield: 2000 l/min.
The water used for drinking is led into five spring tanks in the Hot Spring Colonnade. It is kept at its natural temperature (spring tank A), and it is also cooled to 50°C (spring tank B) and 30°C (spring tank C). One of the springs jets out in the hall of the Hot Spring Colonnade up to a height of 12 metres.

 

2. Pramen Karla IV. (Charles IV Spring)
Temperature: 64°C CO2 content: 250 - 450 mg/l Yield: 4.8 l/min.
This spring rises in the Market Colonnade. According to legend, it was at exactly this spring that the founder of the spa, the King and Emperor Charles IV, healed his ailing limbs. A relief depicting the "Discovery of the Springs" decorates the place where it rises.

 

3. Pramen Zámecký dolní(Lower Castle Spring)
Temperature: 61°C CO2 content: 600 mg/l Yield: 2.5 l/min.
The spring rises in the former Castle Colonnade (now Castle Spa) and it was built by the Viennese architect Ohmann. A sandstone relief depicting "The Spirit of the Springs" marks the place where it rises.

 

4. Pramen Zámecký horní (Upper Castle Spring)
Temperature: 61°C CO2 content: 600 mg/l Yield: 2.5 l/min.
The Viennese architect Ohmann followed an interesting idea of the Municipal Spring Authority to lead a small part of the Lower Castle Spring out several metres higher into the pavilion that was built above this spring feed in 1912. Nowadays, drills are used to capture the springs.

 

5. Pramen Tržní (Market Spring) 
Temperature: 62°C CO2 content: 500 mg/l Yield: 5 l/min.
This spring rises in the Market Colonnade. According to old records from the 16th century, the first Karlovy Vary Spa was situated at this place.

 

6. Pramen Mlýnský (Mill Spring)
Temperature: 55°C CO2 content: 600 mg/l Yield: 4.5 l/min.
The spring rises in the Mill Colonnade. The spring itself was known in the 16th century and it was very popular for bathing. A marble plaque is situated above the spring with the original Latin text of the "Ode to the Spring" written by the Czech humanist Bohuslav Hasistejnsky in the 16th century.

 

7. Pramen Rusalčin (Rusalčin Spring)
Temperature: 59°C CO2 content: 600 mg/l Yield: 4 l/min.
The spring rises in the Mill Colonnade. Originally named the New Spring, this spring was highly popular with spa guests in the 18th and 19th centuries. Till 1748 a wooden colonnade of the New Spring used to stand above the spring. In those times spa doctors used to practise directly by the spring.

 

8. Pramen Knížete Václava I + II (Spring of Duke Wenceslas I + II)
Temperature: I. 64°C, II. 60°C CO2 content: 500 mg/l Yield: I. 4 l/min, II. 2l l/min.
In 1748 a spring of hot water used to appear below a rock that went all the way down to the Tepla River. Later, the rock was demolished during the construction of the Mill Colonnade. The spring near the rock of St Bernard used to be called Bernard Spring. Spring I is situated in the Mill Colonnade and spring II in the promenade area in front of the colonnade.

 

9. Pramen Libušin (Libušin Spring)
Temperature: 51°C CO2 content: 550 mg/l Yield: 3 l/min.
This is one of the few healing springs that are found in the Mill Colonnade. The spring was first located during the construction of the Mill Colonnade at the end of the 19th century. It rose in the cellar area, beneath an orchestra alcove.

 

10. Pramen Skalní (Rock Spring)
Temperature: 45°C CO2 content: 650 mg/l Yield:2 l/min. Originally, the spring rose directly into the Tepla River.
In 1845 the spring was artificially contained and it was named the Rock Spring. Towards the end of the 19th century it became a part of the Mill Colonnade.

 

11. Pramen Svobody (Freedom Spring)
Temperature: 60°C CO2 content: 550 mg/l Yield: 5 l/min.
The spring was discovered in 1865 during the construction of the foundations of Spa III that is in its immediate vicinity. Soon afterwards a wooden summer house was built over the spring.

 

12. Pramen Sadový (Park Spring) 
Temperature: 39°C CO2 content: 750 mg/l Yield: 2 l/min. This spring is very popular with patients for its high content of dissolved carbon dioxide and pleasant acidulous taste. The spring is contained in the courtyard of the ASI with some of the spring water directed into the entrance hall to make access easier for the patients.

 

13. Pramen Dorotka (Dorotka Spring)
This slightly mineralised spring with strong CO2 content is used for measuring purposes only. It is situated in a stone pavilion and it is not accessible to the public.
Unofficially, the renowned liquor Becherovka is known as the 13th spring.

 

14. Pramen Štěpánka (Stepanka Spring)
Temperature: only 15°C Total mineralization: 6700 mg/l CO2 content is higher than 1200 mg/l Yield: 0.2 l/min.
The original spring reservoir from 1884 ceased to exist over a period of time. In 1993 the spring was once again located by fresh drilling near the Richmond Parkhotel. The spring is not commonly used for drinking.

 

15. Pramen Hadí (Snake Spring)
Temperature: 29°C Total mineralization: 3 g/l CO2 content is higher than 1600 mg/l Yield: 1 l/min.
The spring rises in the Park Colonnade where it was led during the reconstruction of the colonnade in 2001. Due to its accessibility, this is the most visited spring in Karlovy Vary.


The data regarding the temperature, CO2 content and yield may change and differ from the information given above.