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General Information
Regional System
Symbols of the Region
Regional Office of the Karlovy Vary Region
Spokespersons
Towns and Villages of the Karlovy Vary Region
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Regional System 
 

Regional System As the highest-level administrative units in the CR, the regions began to execute self-government and part of the state administration in accordance with the model by which Europe will live and be unified in the 21st century. The existence and the actual activities of the regions are important prerequisites for the development of the regional policy and the admission of the CR to the European Union. The Act on Regions is in accordance with international obligations, including EU law. The approaching of the Czech Republic to Europe and its gradual integration is implemented on the basis of the principle of subsidiarity, according to which public administration issues will be decentralized and approach citizens as much as possible. The concept of public administration reform in the CR is fully in accordance with the European concept of democracy; the reform is aimed at the achievement of higher public administration effectiveness.

The Karlovy Vary Region, defined by the territory of the current districts of Karlovy Vary, Sokolov and Cheb is the second smallest region in the CR. The Karlovy Vary Region occupies approximately 4.2 % of the area of the CR; approximately 3 % of the inhabitants of the CR live here, it has a significantly larger share of the urban population (82.2 %) than the national average where for a major part of its territory a higher number of small municipalities is typical. A total of 132 municipalities (of which 28 are towns) are situated in the Karlovy Vary Region).

The basic legal regulation stating the reasons for the establishment of regions is Act No. 347/1997 Coll., on the establishment of the highest-level administrative units and on the amendment to the constitutional law of the Czech National Council No. 1 /1993 Coll., Constitution of the CR. The Region and its bodies are defined by Act 129/2000 Coll., on regions, which came into effect on the date of the regional government elections in November 2000, or on 1 January 2001. A region is a territorial community of citizens; it has the right to self-government which is executed to the extent determined in accordance with the region’s needs. A region is a public corporation; in legal issues it acts in its own name and bears the responsibility resulting from these relations. On its territory, in accordance with local prerequisites and local conditions, the region takes care, in its autonomous sphere of action, of its territorial complex development and the needs of its citizens, especially creating conditions for social care development, fulfilling the needs for the protection and development of healthy living conditions, transport and communications, information needs, upbringing and education, overall cultural development and the protection of public order. When executing autonomous competencies the region cooperates with municipalities; however, it must not interfere in their autonomous competency. Regional bodies are always obliged to consult the region’s intentions for development with the appropriate municipal authorities. The region is authorized to give its opinion on issues concerning its autonomous competencies. The state authorities are obliged to discuss measures concerning the region’s autonomous competencies with the regional bodies in advance.

Regional Bodies

To the extent defined by the law, the region is administered by the Regional Assembly consisting of 45 members in the Karlovy Vary Region. Other regional bodies are the Regional Council, the Commissioner of the Region and the Regional Office. The Commissioner of the Region establishes special bodies to execute transferred competencies if stipulated by special law. The Assembly establishes committees and the Regional Council commissions its initiative and control bodies. The Region can establish legal persons and organizational units (organizations) to execute its tasks.